SDG 10 highlights the importance of combating social, economic and political disparities by promoting economic inclusion of all people regardless of their sex, age and ethnicity. It focuses on three topics: ‘inequalities between countries’, ‘inequalities within countries’ and ‘migration and social inclusion’.
Disparities in GDP per capita between EU Member States narrowed moderately between 2004 and 2015. However, in 2015, adjusted gross disposable income of households per capita in PPS showed a large variation between countries, and especially between Austria and Croatia. Apart from this gap, inequality within countries also increased as measured by the GINI coefficient.
Additionally, social inclusion is increasingly challenged by migration and unsolved issues around this topic.
Apart from the migration issue, Croatia has also an increasing economic emigration rate in the last couple of years.